In a Civil Survey carried out in 1654, Dublin was the least wooded county in Ireland. The Enclosure Acts between 1698 and 1791 required landowners and their tenants to plant trees, and the present-day landscape of Fingal is largely the result of these 18th and 19th century plantings.

Woodlands in Fingal
The woodlands in Fingal are generally found in former estates and demesnes, many of which are now public parks. They often have a mixed canopy of native Ash, Oak, Birch and Alder and introduced species such as Beech, Sycamore, Horse-chestnut, Wellingtonia, Lime, Spruces, Firs, and Scots Pine. The understorey of these woodlands are rich in spring-flowering plants such as Bluebells, Primrose, Violets, Anemones and Wood sanicle.

The Fingal woods are rich in wildlife such as Badgers, Foxes, Hedgehogs, Red & Grey Squirrel and five bat species; Brown long-eared bat, Leisler’s bat, Common and Soprano Pipistrelle and Whiskered bat. The woodlands are also home to about 25-30 common woodland birds such as Wren, Robin, Blackbird, Chaffinch, Goldcrest and predators such as Buzzard, Sparrowhawk, Kestrel and Long-eared Owl.

Find out what we are doing to protect and restore our woodlands.

Want to know more about the plants and animals in our woodlands?
Check out the publications on woodland plants, mammals, birds and mushrooms in Fingal.


Hedgerows in Fingal
There is currently about 2,660 km of hedgerows in Fingal. This number is declining, more so in recent years, with a 66% decline occurring since 1985. As there has been very little planting of new hedgerows in recent years, they are becoming an endangered feature of our landscape in Fingal as development and neglect all continue to take their toll.

The hedgerows in Fingal are usually comprise of Whitethorn mixed with a variety of other species such as Dog Rose, Elder, Blackthorn, Holly and Hazel. Many of our hedgerows have trees growing in them. The most common hedgerow tree is Ash, followed by Sycamore, Elm, Willow, Wild Cherry and Oak.

Hedgerows are important landscape features for wildlife. They provide food and shelter for wildlife within the intensively farmed countryside. They also act as corridors for animals to move from one area to another.

Want to know more about hedgerows, check out the publication on Fingal’s Hedgerows.
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